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What is Technical SEO?

Technical SEO, or Technical Search Engine Optimization, is the practice of optimizing a website’s technical characteristics to increase search engine visibility and ranks. Technical SEO, as opposed to on-page SEO, which focuses on optimizing content and keywords, focuses on the fundamental structure and technical features of a website. The idea is to make it easy for search engines such as Google to crawl, index, and rank the pages on your site. Following are some essential elements of technical SEO:

Website structure:

Website structure, also known as website architecture or information architecture, relates to the organization and interconnection of a website’s content and pages. It is an important part of web design and development since it has a large impact on how people navigate and interact with the site. A well-structured website makes it easier for people to access content, improves the experience of users, and can aid with search engine optimization (SEO).
  • URL Structure: Developing a clear and organized URL structure aids search engines and visitors in understanding your website’s hierarchy. Use URLs that are descriptive and effective.
  • Internal Linking: Strategically linking similar pages inside your website aids search engines in effectively discovering and indexing material. It also facilitates navigation for users.
  • Mobile Responsiveness: Ensure that your website is Smartphone-friendly and responsive to accommodate customers on multiple devices, as Google takes mobile-friendliness into account when evaluating websites.

SEO XML sitemaps:

XML sitemaps are a standardized format for informing search engines about the pages on a website that should be crawled and indexed. The term “XML” stands for Extensible Markup Language, and XML sitemaps are a special form of XML document developed for this purpose. XML sitemaps assist search engines such as Google, Bing, and others in discovering and understanding the framework of a website, making it more straightforward for them to efficiently index its content. Here are several important aspects of XML sitemaps:
  • An XML sitemap is a document that contains all of your website’s important pages. It assists search engines in better understanding the structure of the website and indexing its information.
  • Check that your XML sitemap is up to date, contains all important pages of data, and follows the XML sitemap standard.
  • For easier indexing, provide the sitemap to Google Search Console or other search engine webmaster tools.


Robots.txt, an abbreviation for “robots exclusion protocol” or “robots exclusion standard,” is a text file that is used on websites to send guidance to web crawlers and search engine robots (also known as “bots” or “spiders”). The robots.txt file specifies which portions of a web page should be crawled or indexed by search engines and which should be avoided. It gives webmasters and owners of websites control over how search engine bots can access their site’s information. The following is how an ordinary robots.txt file works:
  • User-agent: This command indicates whether bots or user agents are subject to the following rules. You can, for example, define rules for all bots or specify specific bots such as Googlebot, Bingbot, or more.
  • Disallow: This directive specifies which URLs or subdirectories should not be crawled by the given user agent. You can specify which pathways or characteristics should be avoided during indexing purposes.
  • Allow: This parameter is used to modify a disallow rule for particular URLs or folders. It permits a bot to access a portion of the website notwithstanding a larger disallows restriction.
  • Sitemap Location: A directive included in Robots.txt can point to the location of the website’s XML sitemap, which contains a list of URLs for the spider to examine.

Technical SEO Guide:

A technical SEO guide is a collection of best practices and techniques for optimizing a website’s technical components to increase its search engine exposure and efficiency. Technical SEO is an important component of search engine optimization (SEO) which concentrates on optimizing a website’s infrastructure and aspects to make it more search engine friendly. This, consequently, can lead to improved traffic from organic searches and increased search engine ranks.
  • Creating and updating a detailed technical search engine optimization guide can assist in ensuring consistency in optimization efforts.
  • Best practices for on-page SEO, meta tags, header tags, canonicalization, and various other technical components should be documented.
  • Provide guidelines for dealing with technical concerns such as duplication of content, crawl failures, and optimizing the speed of the site.

Schema Markup and Structured data for SEO:

Schema markup, often known as structured data, is an established format for delivering information on the written material of a web page. It aids search engines and other data consumers in better understanding the content of a webpage. As a result, search engines can provide more detailed and appropriate results in search engine results pages (SERPs).
  • Schema markup is a kind of organized data that you may use in your HTML to give additional information regarding your content to search engines. This can result in rich snippets in search outcomes, which will make your material more visible and beneficial.
  • Implementation of structured data for different forms of content, including articles, feedback, events, and products, and to improve how search engines present your material in SERPs.
An adequate technical search engine optimization (SEO) strategy may also include:
  • Page Speed Enhancement: Ensure that your website loads swiftly on every gadget.
  • Smartphone Optimization: Ascertaining that your website is responsive and compatible with mobile devices.
  • SSL/HTTPS: Protect visitor data and enhance search engine rankings by securing your website with an SSL certificate (HTTPS). HTTPS is also a ranking element for Google.
  • Indexing and Crawling: Check the crawl ability and index functionality of your website regularly to find and resolve problems that may hinder search engines from effectively crawling and indexing your content.
  • Hreflang Tags: Assure that material is properly localized for international SEO.
  • Pagination Handling: Organizing paginated content, such as listings of products or articles, appropriately.
  • Monitoring and Evaluation: Utilize tools like Google Analytics and Google Search Console to track and analyze the effectiveness of your website to discover areas for enhancement.
  • Frequent Updates: To preserve healthy, optimized premises, keep your website’s software, plug-ins, and content up to date.
In essence, technical SEO is an important part of search engine optimization since it creates the groundwork for search engines to efficiently interpret and evaluate your website’s content. You may increase your website’s appearance as well as performance in search engine outcomes by paying attention to factors such as website structure, XML sitemaps, robots.txt, schema markup, and other technical issues.  

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